JAKARTA, RAKYAT NEWS—Amnesty International Indonesia has released its Annual Report on Death Penalties, revealing a significant increase in executions worldwide, particularly in China, Iran, and the United States. Although Indonesia has not carried out executions recently, it continues to issue death sentences at a high rate, with an increase noted in 2023.

According to the report, 1,153 executions were carried out globally in 2023, excluding the thousands believed to have occurred in China due to state secrecy.

This marks a more than 30% increase from 2022, which saw 883 executions. This surge represents the highest number recorded by Amnesty International since 2015, when 1,634 executions took place, despite the number of countries conducting executions being at its lowest.

“The significant rise in recorded executions is largely driven by Iran,” said Agnès Callamard, Secretary-General of Amnesty International.

“Iranian authorities’ complete disregard for human life, especially in drug-related offenses, continues to disproportionately affect marginalized and impoverished communities.” she added

While the Middle East saw a regression in 2023, with more countries carrying out executions, Amnesty International notes that those still implementing the death penalty are increasingly isolated.

Callamard emphasized the ongoing success of Amnesty’s campaigns against this brutal punishment, vowing to continue until the death penalty is eradicated globally.

In 2023, the five countries with the highest execution rates were China, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, and the United States. Iran accounted for 853 executions, or 74% of the global total, while Saudi Arabia carried out 172, or 15%. The United States also saw an increase in executions, from 18 in 2022 to 24 in 2023.